Acne is a disorder of pilosebaceous gland, which is characterised by the formation of blackheads, whiteheads (comedones), papules, pustules,nodules and cysts. The lesions usually appears over face, but can involve upper chest, back and upper arms where the sebaceous glands are present. The condition is very common in teenagers however it may affect middle age adults. In some cases, inflammation and infection triggered by bacteria show more severe acne. Treatment depends on the extent and severity of acne. But it is important to consult the best doctor for acne instead of trying home remedies and self-medication for acne.
The signs and symptoms of acne depend on the severity of the acne condition. The following are some common types of acne that affect many individuals:
Whiteheads are closed, clogged comedones on the skin. These are small, white-colored bumps or spots. They appear like white, circular spots surrounded by a red halo. Whiteheads do not cause the formation of scars.
Blackheadsare open, clogged comedones on the skin. They appear as small, black-colored spots. The center of blackheads appears darker than the skin around it. Blackheads are formed when whiteheads get in contact with dust, air, and dead cells.
Papules or skin lesions are small, tender, and red bumps present on the surface of the skin. The skin around papules appears slightly red and swollen. Papule is formed due to bacterial invasion, and excess activity of androgen. It does not have pus-filled in it, when it accumulates pus it becomes a pustule.
Pustulesare papules in which pus is present at their tips. These are tender, larger bumps with a circular center. Whitish and yellowish pus is present inside these centers. Bacterial cells invade such centers and make the condition more severe.
Nodules are present deep inside the skin and appear large, solid, and painful lumps. When clogged pores damage cells and tissues present deep inside the surface of the skin they form nodules. Nodules are a severe form of acne that can lead to forming scars and dark spots.
Cystic lesions are very large, pus-filled, and painful lumps present deep inside the surface of the skin. Cysts are a more severe form of acne that can lead to deep scars.
Main factors that cause acne
Our acne doctors at Aster Dermatology in Gurgaon suggest that other factors, such as hormones, diet, certain medications, and stress, may worsen acne. Various factors can cause acne, and a skin specialist or a dermatologist is the best person to determine the root cause of acne. It can be easily treated once the cause is known.
Many people try to treat acne using products available at drug-stores and trying home remedies, but this can worsen acne, and leaves the skin with acne scars. However, in critical acne conditions consulting physicians or dermatologists is important. Dermatologists provide medicines, surgery, and therapies to help fight acne by ensuring clear and scar-free skin. Aster Dermatology offers various Acne Treatments in Gurgaon that can prevent future breakouts as well.
Acne treatments at Aster Dermatology
Medical treatment is always a first line therapy for acne and post acne pigmentation, however depending on the response to treatment and severity of lesions various other modalities can be added to the therapy. Here are some of the treatments which Best Acne Doctors in Gurgaon recommend: