An infant's skin is quite sensitive and delicate as compared to the adult skin, which makes it more prone to skin infections. Therefore, child skin problems can result in severe skin damage and distress for both parents and the child, if left untreated. Taking medical advice from a paediatric dermatologist is recommended to avoid any such unwanted situations. One can consult Dr. Niti Gaur at Aster Dermatology, an experienced child skin specialist in Gurgaon for treating their child skin concerns and problems.
Paediatric dermatology is a blend of paediatric health and dermatology, and it deals with the complicated skin condition of infants. A child can be prone to certain skin diseases or skin irregularities such as atopic dermatitis, diaper rash, bacterial infections, chickenpox, cold sores, rosacea, fungal infections such as ringworm, etc. These skin conditions must be treated as soon as possible by an expert to prevent it from spreading further.
So, let's discuss these child skin problems one by one and understand what treatment options are available for the same.
Atopic dermatitis is a type of eczema in which there is loss of skin barrier. This skin condition can affect an individual at any age, but it often starts early in childhood. It appears as an itchy rash or rashes. Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition that may not diminish until adulthood and hence, requires to be treated by a medical expert. In general, atopic dermatitis affects at the age of 2, making the skin sensitive throughout life.
Fungal infection occurs when the skin cells are moist for a longer duration of time. The common areas where an infant can be affected by this skin problem are between the toes and the diaper area. Where some fungal infections can be less irritating, other types can result in swelling, blisters, itching and scaling too.
Fungal infections include ringworm infection, which is ring-shaped with scaly patches. An infant who has poor hygiene, is malnourished, lives in warm weather is more prone to get affected by ringworm infection. Common fungal infections include the candidal intertrigo, seborrheic dermatitis, scalp ringworm, nail ringworm, and body ringworm.
Viral skin infections in infants are called viral exanthema which means rashes or skin eruption caused by a virus. The viral skin infections include:
a. Chickenpox is common among children, but can be life-threatening to infants and adults with a weak immune system. The symptoms include skin rash, fever, decreased appetite, joint pain, coughing, rashes, itchy arms and legs.
b. Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is caused by the picornavirus family that can affect infants and children in the fall, spring and summer. The symptoms include nasal congestion and malaise, and classic rash over palms, soles, and oral mucosa.
c. Warts are skin growths that occur as a result of Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Although this skin condition affects children more than adults, it can develop at any age. Warts are contagious that can spread to other body parts and hence, it is essential to consult a dermatologist to prevent the spreading of this disease.
d. Measles (rubeola) is an infectious respiratory illness that results in red, blotchy rashes, and is caused by Rubeola virus. It is a contagious skin problem that can spread as a result of direct contact, nose or throat or airborne droplets. The symptoms apart from rashes include high fever, hacking cough, severe diarrhoea, runny nose, and red eyes. This condition if left untreated it can be life-threatening.
e. Molluscum contagiosum: it is a common viral infection caused by pox virus. The skin lesion is a slow growing white papules. Infection can slowly get inoculated to involve surrounding skin.
These skin infections or skin diseases in infants are very distressing and troublesome for both the child and parents. Therefore, taking immediate action is advised by one of the best dermatologists in Gurgaon, Dr. Niti Gaur. For more information and to avail child skin-care treatments get in touch with the best paediatric dermatologist in Gurgaon at Aster Dermatology.