Hyperpigmentation can be defined as the unusual darkening of the skin. This darkening occurs due to an overproduction of melanin in the skin. It can appear as a result of various traumas to the skin, acne vulgaris, sun damage, and inflammation. One can detect hyperpigmentation easily as darkened areas on the skin are the prime indication of hyperpigmentation. These areas may be localized on the face or hands, or may even cover the entire body of the patient. Though it is generally harmless, its appearance can be bothersome and is often associated with decreased self-worth. Therefore, one must take careful and timely measures by seeking an appointment with a skin specialist as it generally doesn't just go away on its own.
Hyperpigmentation is most commonly found in people with darker skin tones and those who spend a lot of time outdoors and are in direct exposure to the sun. However, anyone may develop it irrespective of their skin colour. At Aster Dermatology, we offer premium treatments with advanced technological support and expertise of our dermatologist. We take pride in calling ourselves one of the best pigmentation treatment clinics in Gurgaon. We provide a wide range of skin treatments to our patients and help them embrace their beauty.
Before we jump to the treatments, let’s first understand the various types of hyperpigmentation.
Solar lentigines or liver spots are a very commonly occurring type of hyperpigmentation. These spots are not harmful and usually affect people who are over the age of 40. These spots are formed by excessive exposure to damaging UV rays which then cause an overproduction of melanin in the skin.
‘The mask of pregnancy’, commonly known as Melasma, usually affects women but can occur in males too. Melasma is majorly caused by hormonal imbalances in the body and may stem out due to excessive sun exposure. These appears in the form of dark patches mostly on the cheeks.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is usually temporary. This kind of pigmentation happens when there is an injury to the skin due to a lesion, wound, insect bite, chickenpox, etc. which leads to excess pigmentation production and discoloration.
The flat, circular and tiny blemishes that appear on the skin, most commonly on the face are known as freckles. These spots appear darker in appearance than one’s skin natural skin color and tone. These blemishes usually appear as a result of the clustered concentration of melanin in the body of an individual. It is a common skin concern among the group of people who have lighter skin tone. These brown spots usually affect the face, and this can be quite an esteem breaker. It is commonly referred to as Ephelides. To read more about freckles .
Treatments for Hyperpigmentation
At Aster Dermatology, we offer various pigmentation treatments in Gurgaon which are proven to deliver fast and effective results. Hyperpigmentation is majorly caused due to excessive and unrestricted sun exposure. Therefore, the most important step to treat hyperpigmentation is to prevent the sun damage and limit the sun exposure.
The skin doctors recommend application of sunscreens and sunblocks, use of hats, scarves, umbrellas, etc. to guard the skin against sun damage. In terms of medical treatments for hyperpigmentation one has the following options:
- Topical medications that contain hydroquinone are often used to treat hyperpigmentation. It is a kind of bleaching agent and tends to lighten the complexion. Other medications like Corticosteroids, application of products that contain Glycolic Acid (GA), Azelaic Acid, Trichloroacetic Acid are usually prescribed by skin doctors to treat hyperpigmentation.
- Pigmented creams can be applied to conceal discolouration as a cosmetic solution.
- Over the counter skin brightening creams or medications that are rich in licorice root, kojic acid, and pine tree bark extract are highly recommended. Products containing vitamin C, vitamin E, genistein from soybeans, ferulic acid, polyphenols from green tea are also suggested by dermatologists in order to treat hyperpigmentation.
In this procedure, extremely cold liquid nitrogen is used to freeze the pigmented lesions. It is mostly used to treat mild pigmentation problems like sunspots.
If the patient is struggling with sun-induced hyperpigmentation, then Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is the best option. This treatment involves intense laser beams to treat the targeted areas, thereby destroying the pigmented cells.
If the darkness is minimal, then Microdermabrasion is the best option.
In this procedure, the topmost layer of the skin is gently removed to reduce the appearance of sunspots and other superficial blemishes.
For stubborn spots, most dermatologists recommend a chemical peel treatment. There are various kinds of peels designed for different skin types and conditions. Salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and TCA peels are suggested to banish hyperpigmentation.
These medications and treatments are often suggested in specific combinations for optimum results. Some of these treatments are effective only for epidermal hyperpigmentation and some are for dermal pigmentation. Thus, it is better to take proper consultation in order to choose the right treatments.