A common hypermelanotic skin disorder or problem in which dark-brown patches appear on the face is known as melasma. It is also named as the “mask of pregnancy” or “chloasma”. Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy and sun exposure are the main reasons for this condition. Hence, one should prefer consulting a dermatologist for Melasma Treatment in Gurgaon instead of self-medication and home remedies because some medications and treatments may not be suitable for a pregnant woman. Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation problem. In this condition, gray-brown patches appear on the skin, which are darker than the normal skin color. The development of discolored patches on the skin is the primary symptom that appears during melasma. The most affected part of the skin is the bridge of the nose, cheeks, chin, forehead, and area above the upper lip as well. Other affected parts of the skin can be forearms and neck due to higher sun exposure.
The main reason for melasma is still unclear. It likely appears when the melanocytes (color-determining cells) produce too much color in the skin. People with skin of dark color are more likely to get melasma due to the presence of active melanocytes than people with skin of light color. Women are more likely to get melasma in comparison to men. Sun protection is one common recommendation for melasma. The use of sunscreen and its application every two hours is suggested. Wearing a wide-brimmed hat or scarves to avoid direct exposure to the sun is also recommended by dermatologists to prevent melasma.
Most common reasons for melasma
If someone is looking for Melasma Treatment in Gurgaon, they must first find out the reason behind it which a dermatologist can help with. Our dermatologists at Aster Dermatologists first identify the root cause of melasma and then suggest a treatment so that long lasting results can be achieved. Following are some of the most common reasons for melasma:
1. Sun exposure: Melanocytes are stimulated by the ultraviolet (UV) rays that come from the sun. In fact, sun exposure can make melasma return after discoloring. Melasma can worsen in summer due to excessive sun exposure and free radicals damage. It is the main reason for the recurrence of melasma in many people.
2. Hormonal factors: Pregnant women are more likely to get melasma. In pregnant women, melasma is named chloasma, or the mask of pregnancy. Contraceptive pills and hormone replacement medicine can also trigger melasma.
3. Skincare products: Several skincare products contain specific chemicals that irritate the skin, and their application can worsen melasma.
Effective treatment options for Melasma
One can visit Aster Dermatology for all kinds of Pigmentation Treatment in Gurgaon, including melasma treatment. Following are some of the most preferred treatment options for Melasma:
Topical medications: The most prescribed treatment for melasma is certain topical medications. Most of the melasma cases can be treated with these topical medications. Topical medications can be used either alone or in combinations. For more benefits, topical medications can also be combined with other agents such as topical steroids, sunscreen, and glycolic acids. These medications are available in the form of cream, lotion, or gel that can be directly applied to the affected area. It functions by reducing skin discoloration.
Laser treatment: Laser (Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation) is an effective treatment for various types of pigmentation. In this treatment, the laser emits a specific wavelength that is absorbed by the specific chromophore (dark patches). It enters deeper layers of the skin and reduces the dark patches. This treatment does not damage the skin. The laser provides the skin healthier and younger look. Laser treatment is very effective and comfortable and does not need any numbing cream. The duration of the laser depends on the conditions and type of the affected skin. 2-4 sessions may be required to achieve optimum results.
Chemical peels: Most dermatologists recommend chemical peels for the treatment of melasma. Chemical peels are designed for different skin types and conditions. In many clinical trials, peels have shown promising results for melasma. Some of the commonly used chemicals peels are glycolic peels, lactic peels, and the new peeling agent the phytic solution. The peeling agent, the peel concentration, frequency, and duration should be carefully chosen for optimum results.
Microdermabrasion: A minimally invasive treatment to renew skin tone and texture is named as microdermabrasion. The occurrence of sun damage, fine lines, wrinkles, acne scars, age spots, melasma, and other skin related problems and conditions can be improved by microdermabrasion. In this treatment, dark patches are reduced by gentle removal of the outermost layer of the skin.
Photofacial treatment: Photofacial treatment is a kind of skin Resurfacing, which is the best option for melasma treatment. A light-based technology is used in this treatment to improve collagen and to discolor the occurrence of dark patches. In this process, high-level equipment and machines are used, and the two different types of photo facials available are IPL (Intense-Pulsed Light) and LED (Light-Emitting Diode). Intense pulsed light is best for the treatment of sun-induced hyperpigmentation such as melasma. In this treatment, intense laser beams treat the affected areas by destroying the pigmented cells.
To know more about melasma or any other pigmentation problem and Pigmentation Treatments in Gurgaon, do visit a skin doctor nearby.